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Geography

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  6. 3-4
  7. 5-6
  8. 7-8
  9. 9-10

Level A (Towards Foundation)

Level A Description

The Level A curriculum develops student’s awareness of a place on a personal local scale. Places will range in size from a part of a room or garden to community place. They are supported to...

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Level A Content Descriptions

Geographical Concepts and Skills

Place, space and interconnection
  1. Experience and react to a place and its features (VCGGC001)
  2. React to familiar places and activities (VCGGC002)
  3. Experience places that are important for specific people and related activities (VCGGC003)
Data and information
  1. Experience geographical information by using their senses (VCGGC004)
  2. React to images or sensory elements which represent preferred personally significant places (VCGGC005)
  3. React to an element of a place (VCGGC006)

Geographical Knowledge

Places and our connections to them
  1. Experience the distance and location of familiar places (VCGGK007)
  2. Experience personal places and their features represented on large-scale maps and models (VCGGK008)
  3. Experience their connection to a place in Australia and across the world (VCGGK009)
  4. Experience local area dreaming stories and country/places (VCGGK010)
  5. Experience weather and seasons (VCGGK011)
  6. Experience and react to the sensory elements of a places (VCGGK012)
  7. Experience the purpose of or the special event/s of a space (VCGGK013)
  8. React to features and activities of a familiar place (VCGGK014)

Level A Achievement Standard

By the end of Level A, students recognise some personally significant places. They select preferred objects through reaching towards, accepting or rejecting actions.

Students react to the familiar features of some personally significant places.

Level B (Towards Foundation)

Level B Description

The Level B curriculum focuses on places I live in and developing students’ awareness of the places they experience daily. They are supported to develop their curiosity of place by exploring...

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Level B Content Descriptions

Geographical Concepts and Skills

Place, space and interconnection
  1. Explore the features of a place and demonstrate a preference for certain features (VCGGC015)
  2. Explore the location of regular places and activities in school (VCGGC016)
  3. Explore the importance of places and participate in special events related to specific places (VCGGC017)
Data and information
  1. Assist to collect geographical data and information (VCGGC018)
  2. Use images to identify a familiar place (VCGGC019)
  3. Respond to elements of a space using positive and negative response (VCGGC020)

Geographical Knowledge

Places and our connections to them
  1. Moving to different places and recognising some features/places on the way (VCGGK021)
  2. Familiar places identified through images at a variety of scales (VCGGK022)
  3. The connection of self to other places in Australia and across the world (VCGGK023)
  4. Experience dreaming stories of the local country/places and their features (VCGGK024)
  5. Observe and identify major weather type (VCGGK025)
  6. The major features of a place (VCGGK026)
  7. Experience specific activities in a place (VCGGK027)
  8. Places used regularly at school and activities I do there (VCGGK028)

Level B Achievement Standard

By the end of Level B, students can identify some familiar places using photos, images or augmentative alternative communication when asked. They will select to view a multimodal text about a preferred place.

Students experience the familiar features and purposes of places and the representation of these features, purposes and their location as words, gestures, images, pictures and photos. They begin to indicate objects and places they like from a field of two to three choices. They begin to follow everyday language related to direction and location.

Level C (Towards Foundation)

Level C Description

The Level C curriculum focuses on local places I live in and developing student’s exploration and curiosity of personally significant places. Students will build on their knowledge of the local...

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Level C Content Descriptions

Geographical Concepts and Skills

Place, space and interconnection
  1. Identify a familiar place and present findings using locational vocabulary, photos and visuals (VCGGC029)
  2. Link activities to a location (VCGGC030)
  3. Link places to their related activities and special events (VCGGC031)
Data and information
  1. Collect geographical data and information (VCGGC032)
  2. Use images to match a familiar place to a significant feature (VCGGC033)
  3. Indicate how they use a space based on geographical information (VCGGC034)

Geographical Knowledge

Places and our connections to them
  1. Recognising and labelling familiar places in the school using a jointly constructed map (VCGGK035)
  2. Places are represented at a variety of scales (VCGGK036)
  3. The connection of their family and peers to other places in Australia and across the world (VCGGK037)
  4. Explore names and places of local spaces and their Dreaming stories (VCGGK038)
  5. Connection of weather to seasons (VCGGK039)
  6. The major features of a place and its activities (VCGGK040)
  7. What I do in this space (VCGGK041)
  8. Places regularly used at school and the location, and activities undertaken (VCGGK042)

Level C Achievement Standard

By the end of Level C, students label personally significant places and what they do in the place. Students demonstrate a few ways they can care for a familiar place by creating a simple rule for this place.

Students observe the familiar features of places and assist to represent these features and their location on group constructed pictorial maps and models. They share observations about a place using simple sentences and show the people who can be found in a place.

Students can independently locate some significant spaces within a significant local place and they begin to communicate using direction and location.

Level D (Towards Foundation)

Level D Description

The Level D curriculum focuses on the features of places where students live focusing on developing student’s awareness, understanding and purpose of a place. Students are encouraged to be...

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Level D Content Descriptions

Geographical Concepts and Skills

Place, space and interconnection
  1. Identify familiar places and their features, using photos and locational vocabulary (VCGGC043)
  2. Describe the location of a familiar place and the related activities (VCGGC044)
  3. Identify personally significant places and their connection and importance (VCGGC045)
Data and information
  1. Reconstruct geographical data and information (VCGGC046)
  2. Model or draw key features of a familiar place (VCGGC047)
  3. Answer yes/no questions about a place based on geographical observations and information (VCGGC048)

Geographical Knowledge

Places and our connections to them
  1. Locating familiar places and label place and purpose (VCGGK049)
  2. How places can be defined at a variety of scales (VCGGK050)
  3. The connection of their school and local community to other places in Australia and across the world (VCGGK051)
  4. The Countries/Places that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people belong to in the local area (VCGGK052)
  5. Ways weather and seasons are described (VCGGK053)
  6. The major features of a place and their location (VCGGK054)
  7. What people do in specific spaces (VCGGK055)
  8. Places used regularly in the community, their location, activities undertaken in this place and frequency of visits (VCGGK056)

Level D Achievement Standard

By the end Level D, students label familiar routine places and some of their features and the related activities undertaken in these places. They recognise places can have a special purpose or connection for some people. Students reflect on their learning to suggest ways they can care for a familiar place.

Students observe the familiar features of places and represent these features and their location on jointly constructed pictorial maps and models. They can identify how they travel to a place and one or two key features of the journey. They recognise that places can be represented by an image or on a map.

They follow and use simple everyday language to describe direction and location to explain where a place is or to locate a place or object.

Foundation to Level 2

Foundation to Level 2 Description

From Foundation to Level 2, the curriculum develops the concept of place through a study of what places are like over time and how they are defined. The emphasis in F-2 is on the places in which...

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Foundation to Level 2 Content Descriptions

Geographical Concepts and Skills

Place, space and interconnection
  1. Identify and describe the features of places at a local scale and how they change, recognising that people describe the features of places differently (VCGGC057)
  2. Describe and explain where places and activities are located (VCGGC058)
  3. Identify how people are connected to different places (VCGGC059)
Data and information
  1. Collect and record geographical data and information from the field and other sources (VCGGC060)
  2. Represent data and the location of places and their features by constructing tables, plans and labelled maps (VCGGC061)
  3. Interpret data and information to draw conclusions and describe the direction and location of places, using terms such as north, south, opposite, near, far (VCGGC062)

Geographical Knowledge

Places and our connections to them
  1. Representation of the location of places and their features on maps and models, including a globe, and the location of the major geographical divisions of the world in relation to Australia (VCGGK063)
  2. Definition of places as parts of the Earth’s surface that have been given meaning by people, and how places can be defined at a variety of scales (VCGGK064)
  3. Connections of people in Australia to other places in Australia and across the world (VCGGK065)
  4. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Country/Place on which the school is located and why Country/Place is important to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, and the ways in which they maintain special connections to particular Country/Place (VCGGK066)
  5. Weather and seasons and the ways in which different cultural groups, including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, describe them (VCGGK067)
  6. Natural, managed and constructed features of places, their location and how they change (VCGGK068)
  7. Reasons why some places are special and some places are important to people and how they can be looked after (VCGGK069)
  8. Activities in the local place and reasons for their location, and the influence of purpose, distance and accessibility on the frequency with which people visit places (VCGGK070)

Foundation to Level 2 Achievement Standard

By the end of Level 2, students define place and identify and describe features of places and changes in these, at a local scale. They identify how people are connected to different places and explain the value of places to people. They describe different ways that places can be cared for.

They collect and record geographical data and information. They represent data and information in tables, plans and labelled maps and interpret it to draw conclusions.

They describe and explain location and distance using geographical terms, and describe the location of the major geographical divisions of the world.

Levels 3 and 4

Levels 3 and 4 Description

In Levels 3 and 4, the curriculum continues to develop students’ mental map of the world and their understanding of place through examining the major characteristics of Australia, Australia...

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Levels 3 and 4 Content Descriptions

Geographical Concepts and Skills

Place, space and interconnection
  1. Identify and describe the characteristics of places in different locations at a range of scales (VCGGC071)
  2. Identify and describe locations and spatial distributions and patterns (VCGGC072)
  3. Identify and explain the interconnections within places and between places (VCGGC073)
Data and information
  1. Collect and record relevant geographical data and information from the field and other sources (VCGGC074)
  2. Represent data and the location of places and their characteristics by constructing tables and simple graphs and maps of appropriate scale that conform to cartographic conventions of border, scale, legend, title and north point (VCGGC075)
  3. Interpret maps and other geographical data and information to develop identifications, descriptions, explanations and conclusions, using geographical terminology including simple grid references, compass direction and distance (VCGGC076)

Geographical Knowledge

Diversity and significance of places and environments
  1. Location of major countries of Africa and South America in relation to Australia and their major characteristics including the types of vegetation and native animals in at least two countries for both continents (VCGGK077)
  2. Location of Australia’s neighbouring countries and the diverse characteristics of their places (VCGGK078)
  3. Representation of Australia as states and territories, and Australia’s major natural and human characteristics (VCGGK079)
  4. The many Countries/Places of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples throughout Australia, and the custodial responsibility they have for Country/Place, and how this influences views about sustainability (VCGGK080)
  5. Main climates of the world and the similarities and differences between the climates of different places (VCGGK081)
  6. Types of natural vegetation and the significance of vegetation to the environment, the importance of environments to animals and people, and different views on how they can be protected; the use and management of natural resources and waste, and different views on how to do this sustainably (VCGGK082)
  7. Similarities and differences in individuals’ and groups’ feelings and perceptions about places, and how they influence views about the protection of these places (VCGGK083)
  8. Similarities and differences between places in terms of their type of settlement, demographic characteristics and the lives of the people who live there (VCGGK084)

Levels 3 and 4 Achievement Standard

By the end of Level 4, students identify and describe spatial characteristics, and the characteristics of places and environments at a range of scales. They identify and explain interconnections and identify and describe locations, including Australia’s neighbouring countries and Africa and South America.

They identify responses to a geographical challenge and the expected effects.

They collect and record relevant geographical data and information and represent data and information in tables, simple graphs and maps of appropriate scale that conform to cartographic conventions. They interpret data and information, and use geographical terminology, to identify and to develop descriptions, explanations and conclusions.

Levels 5 and 6

Levels 5 and 6 Description

In Levels 5 and 6, the curriculum focuses on the concepts of place and interconnection. Students’ mental maps of the world are further developed through learning the locations of the major...

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Levels 5 and 6 Content Descriptions

Geographical Concepts and Skills

Place, space and interconnection
  1. Describe and explain the diverse characteristics of places in different locations from local to global scales (VCGGC085)
  2. Identify and describe locations and describe and explain spatial distributions and patterns (VCGGC086)
  3. Describe and explain interconnections within places and between places, and the effects of these interconnections (VCGGC087)
Data and information
  1. Collect and record relevant geographical data and information from the field and secondary sources, using ethical protocols (VCGGC088)
  2. Represent the location of places and other types of geographical data and information in different forms including diagrams, field sketches and large-scale and small-scale maps that conform to cartographic conventions of border, scale, legend, title, north point and source; using digital and spatial technologies as appropriate (VCGGC089)
  3. Interpret maps and other geographical data and information using digital and spatial technologies as appropriate, to develop identifications, descriptions, explanations and conclusions that use geographical terminology (VCGGC090)

Geographical Knowledge

Factors that shape places and influence interconnections
  1. Location of the major countries of Europe and North America, in relation to Australia and their major characteristics including the influence of people on the environmental characteristics of places in at least two countries from both continents (VCGGK091)
  2. Location of the major countries of the Asian region in relation to Australia and the geographical diversity within the region (VCGGK092)
  3. Differences in the demographic, economic, social and cultural characteristics of countries across the world (VCGGK093)
  4. Influence of people, including the influence of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, on the environmental characteristics of Australian places (VCGGK094)
  5. Impacts of bushfires or floods on environments and communities, and how people can respond (VCGGK095)
  6. Environmental and human influences on the location and characteristics of places and the management of spaces within them (VCGGK096)
  7. Factors that influence people’s awareness and opinion of places (VCGGK097)
  8. Australia’s connections with other countries and how these change people and places (VCGGK098)

Levels 5 and 6 Achievement Standard

By the end of Level 6, students describe and explain spatial characteristics and characteristics of places from local to global scales. They describe and explain interconnections and their effects. They identify and describe locations including the major countries of Europe, North America and Asia.

They identify and compare responses to a geographical challenge, describing the expected effects on different groups.

They ethically collect and record relevant geographical data and information and represent data and information in forms including diagrams, field sketches and large scale and small scale maps that conform to cartographic conventions.

They interpret geographical data and information, and use geographical terminology, to identify and develop descriptions, explanations and conclusions. They use digital and spatial technologies to represent and interpret data and information.

 

Levels 7 and 8

Levels 7 and 8 Description

In Levels 7 and 8, students examine the processes that influence the characteristics of places. They consider spatial distributions and patterns and their implications and consider interconnections...

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Levels 7 and 8 Content Descriptions

Geographical Concepts and Skills

Place, space and interconnection
  1. Explain processes that influence the characteristics of places (VCGGC099)
  2. Identify, analyse and explain spatial distributions and patterns and identify and explain their implications (VCGGC100)
  3. Identify, analyse and explain interconnections within places and between places and identify and explain changes resulting from these interconnections (VCGGC101)
Data and information
  1. Collect and record relevant geographical data and information from useful primary and secondary sources, using ethical protocols (VCGGC102)
  2. Select and represent data and information in different forms, including by constructing appropriate maps at different scales that conform to cartographic conventions, using digital and spatial technologies as appropriate (VCGGC103)
  3. Analyse maps and other geographical data and information using digital and spatial technologies as appropriate, to develop identifications, descriptions, explanations and conclusions that use geographical terminology (VCGGC104)

Geographical Knowledge

Water in the world
  1. Classification of environmental resources and the forms that water takes as a resource (VCGGK105)
  2. Ways that flows of water connect places as they move through the environment and the ways this affects places (VCGGK106)
  3. The quantity and variability of Australia’s water resources compared with those in other continents and how water balance can be used to explain these differences (VCGGK107)
  4. Nature of water scarcity and the role of humans in creating and overcoming it, including studies drawn from Australia and West Asia and/or North Africa (VCGGK108)
  5. The spiritual, economic, cultural and aesthetic value of water for people, including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and peoples of the Asia region, that influence the significance of places (VCGGK109)
  6. Causes of an atmospheric or hydrological hazard and its impacts on places, and human responses to it to minimise harmful effects on places in the future (VCGGK110)
Place and liveability
  1. Factors that influence the decisions people make about where to live and their perceptions of the liveability of places (VCGGK111)
  2. Influence of accessibility to services and facilities; and environmental quality, on the liveability of places (VCGGK112)
  3. Environmental, economic and social measures used to evaluate places for their liveability, comparing two different places (VCGGK113)
  4. Influence of social connectedness and community identity on the liveability of places (VCGGK114)
  5. Strategies used to enhance the liveability of places, especially for young people, including examples from Australia and Europe (VCGGK115)
Landforms and landscapes
  1. Different types of landscapes and their distinctive landform features (VCGGK116)
  2. Geomorphic processes that produce landforms, including a case study of at least one landform (VCGGK117)
  3. The differences in at least one landform in Australia compared to other places and the geomorphic processes involved (VCGGK118)
  4. Human causes of landscape degradation, the effects on landscape quality and the implications for places (VCGGK119)
  5. Spiritual, cultural and aesthetic value of landscapes and landforms for people, including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, that influence the significance of places, and ways of protecting significant landscapes (VCGGK120)
  6. Causes of a geomorphological hazard and its impacts on places and human responses to it to minimise harmful effects on places in the future (VCGGK121)
Changing nations
  1. The causes and consequences of urbanisation, drawing on a study from Indonesia (VCGGK122)
  2. The causes and consequences of urban concentration and urban settlement patterns between Australia and the United States of America and reasons for these similarities and differences (VCGGK123)
  3. The reasons for and effects of international migration to Australia (VCGGK124)
  4. The reasons for and effects of internal migration in Australia and China (VCGGK125)
  5. The challenges of managing and planning Australia’s urban future (VCGGK126)

Levels 7 and 8 Achievement Standard

By the end of Level 8, students explain processes that influence the characteristics of places. They identify, analyse and explain interconnections and spatial characteristics and identity and explain their implications.

They compare strategies for a geographical challenge, taking into account a range of factors and predict the likely outcomes.

They ethically collect, record and select relevant geographical data and information from useful sources. They select and represent data and information in a range of appropriate forms including maps at different scales that conform to cartographic conventions. They analyse maps and other geographical data and information, and use geographical terminology, to develop identifications, descriptions, explanations and conclusions. They use digital and spatial technologies to represent and analyse data and information.

Levels 9 and 10

Levels 9 and 10 Description

In Levels 9 and 10, students consider changes in the characteristics of places and the implications of these. They consider significant spatial distributions and patterns and evaluate their implications...

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Levels 9 and 10 Content Descriptions

Geographical Concepts and Skills

Place, space and interconnection
  1. Predict changes in the characteristics of places over time and identify the possible implications of change for the future (VCGGC127)
  2. Identify, analyse and explain significant spatial distributions and patterns and identify and evaluate their implications, over time and at different scales (VCGGC128)
  3. Identify, analyse and explain significant interconnections within places and between places over time and at different scales, and evaluate the resulting changes and further consequences (VCGGC129)
Data and information
  1. Collect and record relevant geographical data and information, using ethical protocols, from reliable and useful primary and secondary sources (VCGGC130)
  2. Select, organise and represent data and information in different forms, including by constructing special purpose maps that conform to cartographic conventions, using digital and spatial technologies as appropriate (VCGGC131)
  3. Analyse and evaluate data, maps and other geographical information using digital and spatial technologies and Geographical Information Systems as appropriate, to develop identifications, descriptions, explanations and conclusions that use geographical terminology (VCGGC132)

Geographical Knowledge

Biomes and food security
  1. Distribution and characteristics of biomes as regions with distinctive climates, soils, vegetation and productivity (VCGGK133)
  2. Environmental, economic and technological factors that influence crop yields in Australia and across the world (VCGGK134)
  3. The interconnection between food production and land and water degradation; shortage of fresh water; competing land uses; and climate change, for Australia and other areas of the world (VCGGK135)
  4. Human alteration of biomes to produce food, industrial materials and fibres, and the environmental effects of these alterations (VCGGK136)
  5. Land and resource management strategies used by Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander peoples to achieve food security over time (VCGGK137)
  6. Challenges in feeding the current and projected populations of Australia and the world, and responses to these challenges (VCGGK138)
Geographies of interconnection
  1. Perceptions people have of place, and how this influences their connections to different places (VCGGK139)
  2. Ways in which transportation and information and communication technologies are used to connect people to services, information and people in other places (VCGGK140)
  3. Ways that places and people are interconnected with other places through trade in goods and services, at all scales (VCGGK141)
  4. Effects of the production and consumption of goods on places and environments throughout the world and including a country from North-East Asia (VCGGK142)
  5. Effects of people’s travel, recreational, cultural or leisure choices on places, and the implications for the future of these places (VCGGK143)
Environmental change and management
  1. Different types and distribution of environmental changes and the forms it takes in different places (VCGGK144)
  2. Environmental, economic and technological factors that influence environmental change and human responses to its management (VCGGK145)
  3. Environmental worldviews of people and their implications for environmental management (VCGGK146)
  4. Causes and consequences of an environmental change, comparing examples from Australia and at least one other country (VCGGK147)
  5. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples’ approaches to custodial responsibility and environmental management in different regions of Australia (VCGGK148)
  6. Application of environmental economic and social criteria in evaluating management responses to an environmental change, and the predicted outcomes and further consequences of management responses on the environment and places, comparing examples from Australia and at least one other country (VCGGK149)
Geographies of human wellbeing
  1. Interconnecting causes of spatial variations between countries in selected indicators of human wellbeing (VCGGK150)
  2. Reasons and consequences for spatial variations in human wellbeing on a regional scale within India or another country of the Asia region; and on a local scale in Australia (VCGGK151)
  3. Different ways of measuring and mapping human wellbeing and development, and how these can be applied to measure differences between places (VCGGK152)
  4. Issues affecting the development of places and their impact on human wellbeing, drawing on a study from a developing country or region in Africa, South America or the Pacific Islands (VCGGK153)
  5. Role of initiatives by international and national government and non-government organisations to improve human wellbeing in Australia and other countries (VCGGK154)

Levels 9 and 10 Achievement Standard

By the end of Level 10, students predict changes in the characteristics of places over time and identify implications of change for the future. They identify, analyse, and explain significant spatial distributions and patterns and significant interconnections within and between places, and identify and evaluate their implications, over time and at different scales.

They evaluate alternative views on a geographical challenge and alternative strategies to address this challenge, using environmental, social and economic criteria, explaining the predicted outcomes and further consequences and drawing a reasoned conclusion.

They ethically collect relevant geographical data and information from reliable and useful sources. They select, organise and represent data and information in different forms, using appropriate digital and spatial technologies and through special purpose maps that conform to cartographic conventions. They analyse and evaluate geographical data, maps and information using digital and spatial technologies and Geographical Information Systems as appropriate to develop identifications, descriptions, explanations and conclusions that use geographical terminology.

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