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Content description VCCCTR027

Critical and Creative Thinking / Levels 5 and 6 / Reasoning
Content description
Examine the difference between valid and sound arguments and between inductive and deductive reasoning, and their degrees of certainty
  1. exploring the link between probability and inductive reasoning, for example when conducting chance experiments
  2. discussing how predictions in science can be based on inductive reasoning, for example making predictions based past observations; or deductive reasoning, for example making predictions based on general rules
  3. investigating how an argument can be logically valid but not sound for example All gladiators were men, the person in this historical source is a female, therefore, the person could not have been a gladiator, when some gladiators were female (premise one is false) and the person in the picture was actually male (premise two is false)
  4. examining the distinction between sound and valid arguments in the context of a topic such as stereotyping; for example ‘All boys can run faster than girls, we only need fast runners for this team, therefore boys should be picked for this team’
Curriculum resources and support
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