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Content description VCJAU032

Japanese: 7–10 Sequence / Levels 9 and 10 / Understanding / Systems of language
Content description
Understand the systematic nature of Japanese language and grammatical forms, and explore how to use/combine these elements to express complex ideas
  1. further developing metalanguage to describe and apply grammatical concepts and language elements, and to organise learning resources such as verb charts and lists of vocabulary and sentence structures
  2. understanding and applying the rules of the plain form, and knowing that the basic form of all Japanese verbs ends in -u, -eru or -iru, as listed in dictionaries
  3. understanding that verbs can be divided into three groups according to the way they are conjugated: Group 1 (five-step verbs), Group 2 (one-step verbs) and Group 3 (irregular verbs)
  4. using character charts as a systematic framework that enables recognition of verb conjugation patterns, and applying the formation rules of each verb group
  5. understanding and using a range of particles such as:
    • (or)
    • (purpose, indirect object, location)
    • (location of action, by means such as ペンで、 日本語で)
  6. understanding and using and adjectives in the present and past tense
  7. using verb stems with grammatical features such as ~たい、 ~ たくない、 ~ かった、 ~ やすい/にくいです
  8. understanding and using verbforms to express a range of ideas, for example, ~ている、てもいいです、てはいけません、てはだめです
  9. creating cohesion and flow by using conjunctions, for example, だから、 それで、 それに、 verbform, だから、 しかし、 それに、 けれども
  10. expressing opinions, intentions and thoughts using the plain form, for example, ~つもりです、 ~とおもいます、 ~たり~たりします
  11. asking and responding to questions using 何で? どうして/なぜ? どのぐらい? いくつ?
  12. building vocabulary that relates to daily life and the world beyond school and home and that can be used for cross-curricular content learning
  13. elaborating ideas or statements using expressions such as (こん)しゅう、 (せん)しゅう、 来年(らいねん)、 いつも、 ぜんぜん、 あまり
  14. understanding Japanese counting systems using units of 10, 100, 1000 and 10,000 and associated kanji, for example, (ひゃく)(せん)(まん)
  15. extending the use of counter classifiers to include ~円(えん)、 ~分、 ~まい、 ~本、 ~つ、 ~日 (date)
  16. expressing superlative forms using 一番(いちばん) for example, 一番好きなかもくは日本語です。
  17. expressing the location of items by using prepositions such as (みぎ)(ひだり)(まえ)(うし)ろ、 (うえ)(した)、 となり、 そば 
  18. understanding and using plain or polite forms as appropriate to context, for example, understanding the concept of uchi-soto ((うち)/(そと)) for making appropriate choices of register
Curriculum resources and support
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