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Content description VCHHK112

History / Levels 7 and 8 / Historical Knowledge / Ancient world and early civilisations – 60 000 BC (BCE) – c.650 AD (CE)
Content description
Causes and effects of contacts and conflicts with other societies and/or peoples, resulting in developments such as expansion of trade, colonisation and war, and spread of beliefs
Elaborations
  1. Egypt Show elaborations
    • analysing the causes and effects of the rise and expansion of the Egyptian Empire
    • explaining the nature of contact with other societies, for example, trade with Cyprus, Crete and Greece, and conflict, such as the Battle of Kadesh in the New Kingdom that concluded with Rameses II’s peace treaty with the Hittites
  2. Greece Show elaborations
    • analysing the causes and effects of the rise and expansion of the Greek Empire
    • explaining the nature of contact with other societies, for example, the commodities that formed the trade with Egypt, Greek colonisation of the Mediterranean, and conflict, for example, the Persian Wars and the Battle of Salamis, the empire of Alexander the Great and the reach of Greek culture
    • analysing the causes and effect of a conflict such as the Peloponnesian and Persian wars
  3. Rome Show elaborations
    • analysing the causes and effects of the rise and expansion of the Roman Empire
    • describing the furthest expansion of the Roman Empire and the influence of foreign cults on Roman religious beliefs and practices (for example the Pantheon of Gods (Greece), Isis (Egypt) and Mithras (Persia)
    • reading accounts of contacts between Rome and Asian societies in the ancient period, for example, the visit of Chinese and Indian envoys to Rome in the time of Augustus, as described by the Roman historian Florus
  4. India Show elaborations
    • analysing the causes of the rise of the Mauryan Empire (including its material remains), and the spread of philosophies and beliefs
    • examining the extent of Indian contact with other societies such as the Persians under Cyrus, the Macedonians under Alexander; the extensive trade with the Romans and Chinese, the material remains of the Mauryan Empire such as the Pillars of Ashoka and the Barabar Caves, the spread of Hinduism and Buddhism
  5. China Show elaborations
    • analysing the causes and effects of the rise and expansion of the Chinese Empire
    • explaining the rise of imperial China, for example, the use of chariot warfare and the adoption of mass infantry armies, the building of the first phase of the Great Wall of China, military strategies as codified in Sun Tzu’s The Art of War
Code
VCHHK112
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