The Health and Physical Education curriculum plays a significant role in building the knowledge, skills and understandings that apply to a range of health, wellbeing, safety and movement contexts, including:
The Health and Physical Education curriculum includes four focus areas which have specific reference to swimming and water safety. These are:
Development of knowledge and skills relating to survival swimming and basic water safety can significantly reduce a child’s drowning risk and enhance community safety.
The Victorian Water Safety Certificate is a Victorian Government initiative, which describes specific competencies that should be achieved by the end of primary school. These competencies identify the knowledge and skills to enable students to safely enjoy water-based activities in calm and shallow aquatic environments. The competencies focus on water safety knowledge, rescue skills, survival sequences and the ability to swim a continuous distance of 50 meters.
Further information to assist teachers' plan and implement swimming and water safety education within the Health and Physical Education curriculum can be accessed from the 'Teaching resources' section, under Health and Physical Education curriculum resources.
The Health and Physical Education curriculum develops knowledge, understandings and skills to promote respectful relationships and safety. The following focus areas provide the context for teaching about respectful and safe relationships.
Within the Personal, Social and Community Health Strand Content Descriptors and Elaborations relevant to preventing domestic violence can be found across all levels from Foundation to Year 10. The sub-strands contain the following themes:
Being healthy, safe and active
Communicating and interacting for health and wellbeing
Contributing to healthy and active communities
The broader school environment should support the delivery of the Health and Physical Education curriculum. Learning in Health and Physical Education supports students to make decisions about their health, wellbeing, safety and physical activity participation. If consistent messages are evident across the school and wider school community, this learning is reinforced. Students are also better able to practise and reinforce their learning in Health and Physical Education if teaching and learning in all curriculum areas and the whole school environment reflect the knowledge, understanding and skills delivered in the Health and Physical Education curriculum. A healthy and supportive school environment is developed through health-promoting school policies and processes, and partnerships with parents, community organisations and specialist services.
The Health and Physical Education curriculum includes a number of topics that need to be handled sensitively. These topics include:
The approach to addressing sensitive issues within the Health and Physical Education curriculum should be consistent with the school ethos, community and parental expectations and prescribed guidelines of the relevant educational sector.
As with other areas of student diversity, it is crucial to acknowledge and affirm diversity in relation to sexuality and gender in Health and Physical Education. Inclusive Health and Physical Education programs which affirm sexuality and gender diversity acknowledge the impact of diversity on students’ social worlds, acknowledge and respond to the needs of all students, and provide more meaningful and relevant learning opportunities for all students.
Diversity in relation to sexuality and gender is acknowledged and affirmed in Health and Physical Education programs. The design of the Health and Physical Education curriculum recognises the responsibility of school communities to ensure that teaching is inclusive and relevant to the lived experiences of all students, including those who may be same-sex attracted, gender diverse or intersex. The curriculum allows flexibility for schools to meet the learning needs of all young people, particularly in the health focus area of relationships and sexuality.
When discussing topics such as human relationships or sexuality there is a possibility that students may disclose personal information such as sexual preference, abuse or family violence. Teachers need to use strategies to minimise the risk of harmful disclosure in the classroom. Strategies include:
In Victoria teachers are mandated to make a report to the Department of Health and Human Services Child Protection if they form a reasonable belief that a student is in need of protection because they are at risk of harm or neglect, or if a teacher holds a reasonable belief that the student is being subjected to physical or sexual abuse. Teachers should refer to the Child Protection – Reporting Obligations section of the Victorian Government Schools Policy and Advisory Guide.
Dance is identified in the Arts learning area as one of five art forms. Schools can teach dance in Health and Physical Education in primary and secondary schools through the focus area of rhythmic and expressive movement activities. When teaching dance in Health and Physical Education the emphasis is on dance as a lifelong physical activity and the development of movement skills, concepts and patterns. Dance also provides a medium for students to develop personal and social skills and critically appraise cultural and social factors that shape their own identities, body and communities.
Schools can combine content descriptions across the learning areas and capabilities to create teaching and learning programs. Offering Home Economics and Outdoor Education is an example of this may occur is schools:
Home Economics supports students to develop the capacity to make decisions, solve problems and respond critically and creatively to practical concerns of individuals, families and communities in local and global contexts. Elements of learning in home economics will draw from content in both Health and Physical Education and Technologies in the Victorian Curriculum. The primary content drawn from the Health and Physical Education curriculum is in relation to food and nutrition, growth and development, identity and connecting to others.
The Health and Physical Education curriculum focuses on developing knowledge, understanding and skills that will support students to make healthy choices about food and nutrition. Students learn about this by exploring the influences on these choices and developing skills to access and assess nutritional information to support healthy choices. In Health and Physical Education, students learn about different stages of life and take increasing responsibility for their own growth and development by exploring and learning how to manage the many different factors that influence their identities. They also develop a practical understanding of how connections to other people influence health and wellbeing.
Outdoor Education engages students in practical and active learning experiences in natural environments and settings typically beyond the school boundary. In these environments, students develop knowledge, understanding and skills to move safely and competently while valuing a positive relationship with and promoting the sustainable use of these environments. Elements of learning in outdoor education will draw on content from across the Victorian Curriculum: Foundation to Year 10, including Health and Physical Education, Geography, Science and Personal and Social Capability. The primary content drawn from Health and Physical Education will be in the areas of outdoor recreation and the influence of connection to place and communities on health and wellbeing.
In the Health and Physical Education curriculum, outdoor recreation refers to recreational activities or the act of engaging in recreational activities. These are typically associated with outdoor, natural or semi-natural settings. These activities are an important part of learning in the Health and Physical Education curriculum as they promote lifelong physical activity. They also contribute to health and well-being through direct personal experiences and connections with natural environments. Outdoor activities provide an environment for developing movement competence, promoting a sense of wellbeing, enhancing personal and social skills, and developing an understanding of the concept of risk versus challenge.
Information Communication Technologies (ICT) are powerful tools that can support student learning. Students can develop and demonstrate their understanding of concepts and content in Health and Physical Education using a range of ICT tools. It is also important that students know how to use these ICT efficiently and responsibly, as well as learning how to protect themselves and secure their data.
Details of how ICT can support student learning in Health and Physical Education is set out in the attached Information Communication Technologies and Health and Physical Education pdf.