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Content description VCIDU115

Indonesian: 7–10 Sequence / Levels 9 and 10 / Understanding / Systems of language
Content description
Develop knowledge of vocabulary and structure to extend meanings, such as complex verbs, affixation, a range of cohesive devices and object-focus construction
  1. identifying people by pronouns or titles, for example, Kepala Sekolah, si (diminutive) and nicknames
  2. describing the qualities of people using adjectives of character, for example, murah hati, bertanggung-jawab
  3. indicating possibility, for example, mungkin, mudah-mudahan, semoga
  4. specifying what is being referred to, for example, yang ini, yang itu
  5. understanding embedded clauses using yang, for example, Saya belum berkenalan dengan murid yang baru datang dari Australia
  6. indicating equivalence using adalah
  7. indicating action using transitive verbs, me- verb system (-kan or -i suffix) and their object-focus di- forms
  8. showing lack of purpose, for example, jalan-jalan, duduk-duduk, melihat-lihat
  9. relating people and position using prepositions, for example, kepada
  10. comparing things using comparatives and superlatives, for example, ter-, makin lama…, makin + adjective
  11. seeking information using interrogatives and question forms, for example, mengapa, bagaimana, yang mana, untuk apa/siapa, dengan apa/siapa
  12. requesting that others do something for own benefit (minta, harap, mohon, tolong); for others’ benefit (silakan)
  13. excusing and apologising, for example, permisi dulu, minta maaf, maafkan saya
  14. giving advice with suffix -lah, for example, beristirahatlah, tunggulah, nasehat saya, sebaiknya, seharusnya, jangan
  15. showing empathy and well-wishing, for example, kasihan, harap cepat sembuh, semoga sukses
  16. giving opinion, for example, saya berpendapat bahwa, saya percaya
  17. contrasting two ideas using conjunctions, for example, namun, namun demikian, walaupun begitu, meskipun
  18. referring to abstract ideas using affixation and nominalisation, for example, belajar/pelajar/pelajaran, kerja/mengerjakan/pekerjaan, sakit/penyakit/kesakitan
  19. referring to events and time using frequency markers (for example, sering kali, sekali-sekali, belum pernah, hampir tidak pernah) and time indicators, for example, tadi malam, nanti, nanti sore, sekarang, pada masa depan, yang akan datang, waktu liburan yang lalu
  20. referring back to something specific using tersebut
Curriculum resources and support
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