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Content description VCLAU008

Latin / Levels 7 and 8 / Understanding / Systems of language
Content description
Understand concepts of accidence and syntax used in simple and compound Latin sentences, including parts of speech, case, gender, number, person, declension and conjugation, agreement and tense, and conventions of sentence structure
  1. identifying parts of speech and their functions in texts, such as in statements, direct speech, commands and questions
  2. exploring the concepts of number, gender, case and the metalanguage used to describe nouns
  3. understanding noun inflections and their usage in first, second and third declensions:
    • case: nominative, vocative, accusative, genitive, dative, ablative, for example, amicus, amice, amicum, amici, amico, amico
    • number: villa, villae
    • gender: masculine dominus, feminine domina, neuter atrium, common canis, parens
  4. recognising personal pronouns and pronominal adjectives, and identifying number, gender and case, for example, ego, tu, nos, vos; meus, tuus
  5. recognising interrogative pronouns, for example, quis, quis, quid
  6. recognising demonstrative pronouns, for example, hic, haec, hoc; ille, iste
  7. identifying cardinal numbers unus to viginti and ordinal numbers primus to decimus
  8. recognising prepositional phrases and the different forms of prepositions, for example, e villa, ex urbe
  9. distinguishing between the meanings of prepositions when governing different cases, for example, in villam, in villa
  10. exploring the concepts of verb number, person and tense, the metalanguage used to describe verbs
  11. identifying endings of verbs in the four conjugations, and regular and irregular verbs in the present tense, active voice
  12. identifying the use of the imperative, for example, tacete vos omnes
  13. identifying first/second and third declension adjectives, for example, laeta/laetus; tristis
  14. recognising agreement of adjectives and nouns in number, gender and case, for example, puella tristis, frater magnus, and how word order may differ from English
  15. interpreting compound sentences using conjunctions, for example, canis intrat sed non latrat
  16. recognising adverbs, for example, servus diligenter laborat
  17. understanding conventions of word order in Latin sentences, such as subject + direct object + indirect object + verb, for example, puella librum fratri legit, and how those conventions can be used to anticipate the development of a sentence
  18. developing strategies for building on prior knowledge and learning new grammar, for example, mnemonic devices, paradigms, drill exercises, online learning tools
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