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Content description VCLAU023

Latin / Levels 9 and 10 / Understanding / Systems of language
Content description
Understand concepts of accidence and syntax used in complex Latin sentences, including subordinate clauses, non-finite verb forms, pronoun forms, mood, voice, and conventions of complex sentence structure
  1. identifying the endings of fourth and fifth declension nouns, for example, exercitus, cornua; dies, fides
  2. acknowledging that nouns may have unexpected genders, for example, first declension agricola (m), second declension pirus (f)
  3. recognising relative, emphatic and indefinite pronouns, for example, qui, quae, quod; ipse; quisquis; quidam
  4. recognising reflexive pronouns and adjectives, for example, se; suus
  5. analysing case usage of nouns in all five declensions, for example, partitive genitive quid novi?
  6. identifying and understanding the use of the locative case, for example, Romae, Pompeiis
  7. identifying and understanding words used in apposition in all cases, for example, Venus, dea, est pulchra
  8. explaining case usage of pronouns, for example, personal ego, tu, nos, vos; demonstrative hic, ille; interrogative quis, quis, quid; relative qui, quae, quod; emphatic ipse, ipsa, ipsum; reflexive me, te, nos, vos, se
  9. distinguishing the use of different moods
  10. extending identification of indicative endings of regular and irregular verbs to different tenses
  11. understanding the concept of the principal parts for verbs in all conjugations, for example, voco, vocare, vocavi, vocatum; sum, esse, fui
  12. identifying and understanding the use of infinitives for all four conjugations and irregular verbs, for example, a prolative infinitive with amat, such as natare amat
  13. recognising impersonal expressions, for example, mihi difficile est dormire
  14. understanding the use of present, future and perfect participles, for example, clamans, moriturus, vocatus
  15. recognising passive voice forms and the forms of deponent verbs and distinguishing their meanings, for example, laudata est – she has been praised; collapsa est – she collapsed
  16. distinguishing in complex sentences between principal and subordinate clauses, for example, relative, causal, temporal, concessive, conditional, such as si/nisi with the indicative
  17. recognising comparison of adjectives and adverbs, regular and irregular, for example, stulta, stultior, stultissima; malus, peior, pessimus
  18. recognising quam + superlative, for example, quam celerrime
  19. understanding conventions of the use of numbers to express distance, capacity, time and price, for example, duo milia passuum, quinquaginta denariis
  20. understanding the conventions of the Roman calendar, for example, a.d. XIV Kal Jul
  21. recognising creative variations in Latin word order, for example, delay of a key word or clause to create suspense, ordering of clauses to increase impact, bracketing/nesting, juxtaposition
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