# Foundation level

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## Mathematics

### Mathematics Level Description

In Foundation level, students play with objects and draw pictures to develop links between their immediate environment, everyday language and mathematical activity.

Students classify and sort objects into sets and form simple correspondences between them. They decide when two sets are of equal size, or one is smaller or bigger than another. They develop an understanding of the concepts of number...

### Mathematics Content Descriptions

#### Number and Algebra

##### Number and place value
1. Establish understanding of the language and processes of counting by naming numbers in sequences, initially to and from 20, moving fromĀ  any starting point (VCMNA069)
2. Connect number names, numerals and quantities, including zero, initially up to 10 and then beyond (VCMNA070)
3. Subitise small collections of objects (VCMNA071)
4. Compare, order and make correspondences between collections, initially to 20, and explain reasoning (VCMNA072)
5. Represent practical situations to model addition and subtraction (VCMNA073)
6. Represent practical situations to model sharing (VCMNA074)
##### Money and financial mathematics
1. Represent simple, everyday financial situations involving money (VCMNA075)
##### Patterns and algebra
1. Sort and classify familiar objects and explain the basis for these classifications, and copy, continue and create patterns with objects and drawings (VCMNA076)
2. Follow a short sequence of instructions (VCMNA077)

#### Measurement and Geometry

##### Using units of measurement
1. Use direct and indirect comparisons to decide which is longer, heavier or holds more, and explain reasoning in everyday language (VCMMG078)
2. Compare and order the duration of events using the everyday language of time (VCMMG079)
3. Connect days of the week to familiar events and actions (VCMMG080)
##### Shape
1. Sort, describe and name familiar two-dimensional shapes and three-dimensional objects in the environment (VCMMG081)
##### Location and transformation
1. Describe position and movement (VCMMG082)

#### Statistics and Probability

##### Data representation and interpretation
1. Answer yes/no questions to collect information (VCMSP083)
2. Organise answers to yes/no questions into simple data displays using objects and drawings (VCMSP084)
3. Interpret simple data displays about yes/no questions (VCMSP085)

### Mathematics Achievement Standard

Number and Algebra

Students connect number names and numerals with sets of up to 20 elements, estimate the size of these sets, and use counting strategies to solve problems that involve comparing, combining and separating these sets. They match individual objects with counting sequences up to and back from 20. Students order the first 10 elements of a set. They represent, continue and create simple patterns.

Measurement and Geometry

Students identify measurement attributes in practical situations and compare lengths, masses and capacities of familiar objects. They order events, explain their duration, and match days of the week to familiar events. Students identify simple shapes in their environment and sort shapes by their common and distinctive features. They use simple statements and gestures to describe location.

Statistics and Probability

Students sort familiar categorical data into sets and use these to answer yes/no questions and make simple true/false statements about the data.